Question Wording: Who Should Take Action

Question wording for graphics on the “Who Should Take Action” page. Note: question wording has altered slightly between some years. Experiments have shown no significant difference between results obtained with these different wordings.

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Believed That the U.S. Government Should Do At Least a Moderate Amount to Deal With Global Warming

(1997-8) “Now, I’d like to ask you who you feel is responsible for doing something to deal with global warming. There are a number of possible groups of people who could do something, including the U.S. government, governments in other countries around the world, businesses, and average people. I’m going to ask you questions about how much each of these groups should do about global warming. First, how much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming? A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2009-2012) ”How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming? A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2013-2014) “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought the U.S. Government Was Currently Doing At Least a Moderate Amount to Deal With Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-10) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2012-13) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample]  “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Believed That The U.S. Government Should Do More To Deal With Global Warming

Note: to create this graphic, we compared the answer of the first question to the answer of the second question.

First question

(1997-8) “Now, I’d like to ask you who you feel is responsible for doing something to deal with global warming. There are a number of possible groups of people who could do something, including the U.S. government, governments in other countries around the world, businesses, and average people. I’m going to ask you questions about how much each of these groups should do about global warming. First, how much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming? A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2009-2012) “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming? A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2013-2014) “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think the U.S. government should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Second question

(1997-8, 2009-2012) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming? A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2013) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think the U.S. government is doing now to deal with global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Percent of Americans Who Believed That Governments in Other Countries Should Do At Least a Moderate Amount to Deal With Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-10) “How much do you think governments in other countries should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) How much do you think governments in other countries should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?

Percent of Americans Who Believed That Governments in Other Countries Were Currently Doing At Least a Moderate Amount to Deal With Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-10) “How much do you think governments in other countries are doing about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018,2020) “How much do you think governments in other countries are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Percent of Americans Who Believed That Governments in Other Countries Should Do More to Deal With Global Warming

Note: to create this graphic, we compared the answer of the first question to the answer of the second question.

First Question

(1997-8, 2009-10) “How much do you think governments in other countries should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) How much do you think governments in other countries should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?

Second Question

(1997-8, 2009-10) “How much do you think governments in other countries are doing about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think governments in other countries are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Believed That The United States Should Take Action Even If Other Countries Do Less

(2008) “Do you think the United States should take action on global warming only if other major industrial countries such as China and India agree to do equally effective things, or should the United States take action even if these other countries do less?”

(2010, 2012, 2013, 2015) “Do you think the United States should take action on global warming only if other major industrial countries such as China and India agree to do equally effective things, that the United States should take action even if these other countries do less, or that the United States should not take action on this at all?”

Graph: Personal Importance of Global Warming to President Obama

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to President Obama and how important Americans thought global warming is to President Obama.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to President Obama– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to President Obama – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Personal Importance of Global Warming to Congressional Democrats

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to Congressional Democrats and how important Americans thought global warming is to Congressional Democrats.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to the Democrats in the United States Congress – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to the Democrats in the United States Congress– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Personal Importance of Global Warming to Congressional Republicans

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to Congressional Republicans and how important Americans thought global warming is to Congressional Republicans.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to the Republicans in the United States Congress – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to the Republicans in the United States Congress– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Percentage of Americans Who Desired a Change or No Change in President Obama’s Personal Importance

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to President Obama and how important Americans thought global warming is to President Obama.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to President Obama– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”;

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to President Obama – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Percentage of Americans Who Desired a Change or No Change in Congressional Democrats’ Personal Importance

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to Congressional Democrats and how important Americans thought global warming is to Congressional Democrats.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to the Democrats in the United States Congress – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to the Democrats in the United States Congress– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Percentage of Americans Who Desired a Change or No Change in Congressional Republicans’ Personal Importance

Note: to develop this graph we used answers from the following two questions regarding how much important Americans thought global warming should be to Congressional Republicans and how important Americans thought global warming is to Congressional Republicans.

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming should be personally to the Republicans in the United States Congress – extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

(2015) “How important do you think the issue of global warming is personally to the Republicans in the United States Congress– extremely important, very important, moderately important, slightly important, or not important at all?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That U.S. Businesses Should Do at Least a Moderate Amount About Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2012-13) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That U.S. Businesses Were Currently Doing at Least a Moderate Amount About Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2012-13) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample]  “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That U.S. Businesses Should Do More About Global Warming

Note: to create this graphic, we compared the answer of the first question to the answer of the second question.

First Question

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2012-13) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think U.S. businesses should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Second Question

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2012-13) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample]  “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think U.S. businesses are doing about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That Average People Should Do at Least a Moderate Amount About Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2013) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That Average People Were Currently Doing at Least a Moderate Amount About Global Warming

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?” 

(2013) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?” 

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Graph: Percent of Americans Who Thought That Average People Should Do More About Global Warming

Note: to create this graphic, we compared the answer of the first question to the answer of the second question.

First Question

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2013) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think average people should do about global warming – a great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

Second Question

(1997-8, 2009-2010) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?” 

(2013) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2015) [random half of sample] “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or nothing?” 

(2015) [other half of sample] “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”

(2018, 2020) “How much do you think average people are doing now to deal with global warming?  A great deal, a lot, a moderate amount, a little, or nothing?”